Mayor playing with fire

By Paul Moist,

Throughout 2018 there has been intense media scrutiny directed at Alex Forrest, the President of the United Firefighters of Winnipeg (UFFW).
While this story continues to unfold, we do know its most important facts.
We know that in collective bargaining in 2014, the Firefighters and the City agreed to an arrangement whereby the City paid for sixty per cent of Forrest’s salary and benefits while he served as full-time UFFW President.
We know that in 2017 bargaining, the parties renewed this arrangement.
Such arrangements while not the norm in the public sector, aren’t unprecedented, though they are far more prevalent in the private sector. For example in the manufacturing sector (i.e. auto and steel) it is quite common for plant chairpersons (the equivalent of a local union president) to be an employer-paid, full-time ‘book off’.
The bottom line is such provisions are bargained, and we live in a society that respects legal contracts.
The concerted focus on Alex Forrest has gone beyond public interest reporting.
At one point a Winnipeg Free Press editorial encouraged Firefighters to abandon Forrest and elect a new President. Forrest was subsequently acclaimed back into the office he has held for 21 years.
The Mayor has been quoted as saying he does not remember seeing the details of the paid leave provision when he voted on the last collective agreement in 2017. That statement does not speak to the legality of the clause, rather it serves as an admission that sometimes Council does not know what it is voting on.
Some have argued recently that the ball, so to speak, is in Forrest’s court now that Mayor Bowman is seeking support from City Council to direct the civic administration to attempt to re-open talks on this matter with the union.
It is not clear what such talks would accomplish. The parties here have a binding collective agreement that runs to 2020. They could agree to enter into talks now, but meaningful discussion can’t occur until 2020 when the current agreement expires. So what the heck is going on? I believe there are three key features to this story.
First, the City entered into a collective agreement with the Firefighters. Arbitration was not required, the parties showed give and take and came up with a deal that both ratified.
No amount of media coverage will change the fact that a collective agreement exists between the parties, one they freely entered into. This agreement serves the citizens of our City well in terms of codifying the work rules of this most important public service.
Second, the media – specifically The Free Press – believes that the public interest is being served by shining a continued light on Alex Forrest. One wonders if what is really at play is a concerted attack on a high profile labour leader, one believed by some to be vulnerable and therefore an easy target.
Alex Forrest is known to be both a dedicated Firefighter and trade union activist. His work in securing legislation to protect Firefighters from the dangers of work-related disease was groundbreaking and led the way in North America. Rather than being singled out and attacked, Mr. Forrest should be commended for his advocacy around this legislation, which has no doubt saved lives.
Lastly, and sadly, we now witness Mayor Brian Bowman attempting to forge a labour relations strategy through the media and through a symbolic motion on the floor of City Council.
This is new. Up until now the City has conducted labour relations through private discussions with the administration and with in-camera briefings of Council. Mr. Bowman wants to be seen to be doing something, and his latest move is more about his re-election bid than anything else.
This is an aggressive and ill-conceived move, one that could have a negative impact upon labour relations with all civic employees.
Public sector union-management relations sometimes become heated and end up in the media. The current matter of Mr. Forrest’s paid leave arose out of collective bargaining and will in all likelihood get resolved through that very process, in 2020.

Paul Moist is a retired labour leader. He worked for the City between 1975 and 2015. He is a Research Associate with the Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives – Manitoba.

Imagine a Winnipeg…2018 Alternative Municipal Budget

By Lynne Fernandez,

Winnipeg cannot control broader macro pressures such as climate change or a stagnant global economy, but it can prepare for the changes that are coming. It can meet climate change with policy to mitigate damage, slow the rate of change, and build resilience. It can stimulate and grow the local economy while making sure that marginalized citizens are included. It can put the brakes on wrong-headed practices like urban sprawl or over-spending on policing, while redirecting resources to deal with the root causes of crime and our infrastructure deficit, and smooth out the inequalities that keep our city from realizing its full potential.
The 2018 Alternative Municipal Budget (AMB) is a community response that dares to imagine a greener and more equitable Winnipeg. Read More

2018 Alternative Municipal Budget – today at 12:00 pm City Hall

Our City’s Undocumented: A case for Access Without Fear

By Karen Hamilton,

Reports about refugees walking across the Canada-US border beginning in the spring of 2017 renewed concerns about immigration policy and undocumented migrants in Winnipeg. In fact, the vast majority of migrants to Canada enter legally, through official ports of entry, and with documentation that is presented to and checked by border officials. Although walking across an international border is irregular, those who did so in 2017 were met by RCMP or Canada Border Services Agency officials, and their status as refugee claimants was both verified and documented. In short, these migrants did not enter illegally, their status as refugee claimants is legal, they are documented and their movement in Canada is tracked by border officials. But this does not mean that they have walked into all of the rights and entitlements of full Canadian citizenship. On the contrary: their status is legal but precarious, just as is the case for many of those who enter through Canada’s temporary work, student, and other immigration avenues. Read More

Social Enterprise improves food security in Garden Hill First Nation

By Marina Puzyreva,

Food insecurity is a pressing problem for thousands of Indigenous people living in remote reserves in the North of Manitoba. The new CCPA Manitoba report Harnessing the Potential of Social Enterprise in Garden Hill First Nation explores in-depth the themes around food insecurity: people’s incomes and spending on food, health issues related to food consumption and traditional food culture. It also suggests ways to increase food accessibility and affordability through local efforts and appropriate public policies. Although the study is community specific, it echoes many problems faced by other northern communities. Read More

Manitoba Inequality Update: Low income families left behind

By Ian Hudson and Benita Cohen,

A decade ago the CCPA-MB released the Stuck in Neutral report on inequality in Manitoba. Although inequality was less pronounced in Manitoba than it was in other provinces, earnings for the poorest 40% of families were either no higher or actually lower in the early 2000s than they were in the late 1970s, despite families working longer hours. Since that report was released the global economy suffered through a massive economic crisis in 2008, oil prices spiked and collapsed, and provincial governments have come and gone. It seemed a reasonable time to update the study to see if the trends uncovered in the early years of the new millennium still hold. Read More

Why the Pain for Women in Manitoba Jails

By Elizabeth Comack,

The Free Press (May 23 and 26, 2018) recently reported on the case of an Indigenous man who served more than six months in jail after pleading guilty to a break and enter. It later came to light that the man was innocent of the crime because he was incarcerated at the time the incident occurred.
This story should give us pause to consider some of the factors leading people into the criminal justice system — and what happens to them when they get there. Read More

A Comparison of the Carbon Tax Rebates to Families in Manitoba and British Columbia 2017

By Harvey Stevens,

When British Columbia introduced its carbon tax, it provided a rebate to families to offset the higher cost of goods and services created by that tax. It designed it as a refundable tax credit that diminished in value as family income increased. As of 2017, the program provided a maximum yearly rebate of $120.40 per adult and $35.88 per child with the clawback starting at $38,880 for families and $33,326 for individuals at a rate of 2 per cent of family income. Read More

A Made-in-Manitoba Tragedy of the Commons

By Lynne Fernandez

In February, a provincial news release about changes to agricultural crown lands advised that “The Manitoba government has launched a consultation focused on agricultural Crown lands, to ensure upcoming policy changes reflect the views of the livestock industry while improving fairness and transparency in the system […]”.
How will these changes affect the Community Pastures Program, part of what was the federal government’s Prairie Farm Rehabilitation Administration initiative? Referred to as “Canada’s greatest success story” – the program started in 1935 to deal with the devastation the Dust Bowl brought to the southern prairies. It included initiatives to deal with erosion, water access, irrigation and grass management through the Community Pastures Programs. These pastures are found in Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba and cover over 2 million acres in total. Read More

Winnipeg Without Poverty: Calling on the City to Lead

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE [May 2, 2018]: Make Poverty History Manitoba launched it’s city poverty reduction plan Winnipeg Without Poverty: Calling on the City to Lead at 10am, May 2.

This report, endorsed by more than 90 organizations, calls on Winnipeg’s Mayor to be a champion for poverty reduction and commit to leading the development of a comprehensive poverty reduction plan. Up to 107,000 Winnipeggers are living in poverty. Read More